Gabriel García Márquez Biography

Gabriel Garcia Marquez

The winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982,  was born on the 6 March, 1927, in Aracataca, Colombia. He is mainly known for his book, One Hundred Years of Solitude.

Even though the famous author already passed away on the 17th of April, 2014, at aged 87, book fanatics are still curious to know about him. So let’s get to know more about Gabriel alongside some interesting facts about him.

Was Brought Up By His Grandparents

Gabriel’s father Gabriel Eligio García became a pharmacist and moved to Barranquilla with his mother Luisa Santiaga Márquez Iguarán. Well, the writer also has an elder brother named Jaime García Márquez who is a civil engineer.

The young Gabriel was left at Aracataca and raised by Tranquilina Iguarán Cotes de Márquez and Colonel Nicolás Ricardo Márquez Mejía, his maternal grandparetns. Speaking of Gabriel’s grandfather, he was a civil war pensioned colonel, and his grandmother believed in magic, ghosts, and spirits.

Nicolas told a lot of stories about their family and Aracataca, and Gabriel considered them one of his significant literary sources.

Didn’t Complete His Education

Gabriel first attended Colegio jesuita San José (Instituto San José) for his high school. Later, he got a government scholarship and was sent to Bogota to study. Then, in 1947 after his graduation, he joined Universidad Nacional de Colombia to study law.

Despite the fact that he had an interest in writing, he continued law for his father’s sake. He transferred to the Universidad de Cartagena after the previous university closed indefinitely. Nevertheless, he ended his studies in 1950 and focused mainly on journalism.

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Gabriel never completed his higher studies, but he did receive an honorary degree in writing from Columbia Unversity and NYU.

Books And His Works Over The Years

In 1955, Gabriel published his first novella, Leaf Storm (La Hojarasca). To find a publisher for the book, it took around seven years. He then published In Evil Hour (La mala hora) in 1962.

After that, he published his most prominent and famous novel, One Hundred Years Of Solitude, in 1967. He mixed both historical facts and stories in the book, and his “magic realism” way of writing won many hearts. However, it took 18 months of writing vigorously to complete the book.

Here are some of Gabriel’s other works alongside their published date:

  • The Autumn of the Patriarch – El otoño del patriarca, 1975
  • Chronicle of a Death Foretold – Crónica de una muerte anunciada, 1981
  • Love in the Time of Cholera – El amor en los tiempos del cólera, 1985
  • The General in His Labyrinth – El general en su laberinto, 1989
  • Of Love and Other Demons – Del amor y otros demonios, 1994

 

Besides novels, Gabriel also released a journalistic chronicle about Columbia’s drug-related abductions in 1996. He has also published collections of short stories such as A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, Strange Pilgrims, Eyes of a Blue Dog and others.

In his final days of writing, he wrote Living to Tell the Tale (Vivir para contarla), a memoir, and published it in 2002.

According to Celebrity Net Worth, Gabriel García Márquez’s net worth was $10 million.

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Supportive Wife, 2 Sons And A Secret Child

The late author was married to his wife Mercedes Barcha. The couple first met when Gabriel was 12 and Mercedes was 9. The duo exchanged vows in 1958 and welcomed a son the following year. However, Mercedes was not just Gabriel García Márquez’s wife; she was also his muse. When he was writing One Hundred Years Of Solitude, it was Barcha who was keeping the family intact.

The beautiful Mercedes also inspired many of her husband’s female characters. Gabriel even stated that she permeated all of his books and her traces were everywhere. Furthermore, the writer called his wife the manager of the crisis department.

Sadly, Gabriel’s partner died at 87 after struggling with respiratory problems for years.

Speaking of the pair’s children, Mercedes and Gabriel García Márquez’s son Rodrigo García is now a scriptwriter, director, and also cinematographer. Furthermore, the pair’s second son, Gonzalo García Barcha, is a Graphic designer and has shown his skills in many movies.

To many people’s surprise, it was revealed that Gabriel had an extramarital relationship with Susana Cato, a journalist, and writer. And to top that, he had a daughter with her, Indira Cato, who is now a documentary film producer.

Aforementioned, Gabriel García Márquez has already left this world, but his creations and literary works will make him present forever and preserve his legacy.

Gabriel García Márquez